Road Safety and Environmental Benefit-Cost and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis for Use in Decision-Making

Project details

ROSEBUD

Road Safety and Environmental Benefit-Cost and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis for Use in Decision-Making
Road safety. © FreeFoto
Funding: European (5th RTD Framework Programme)
Duration: 10/02 - 01/06
Transport Themes: Security and Safety (key theme).
Assessment & decision support methodologies
  • Outline
  • Funding
  • Results
  • Contact
Background & policy context: 

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Road safety is a priority for the European Union’s Transport Policy. To reach the objective of halving the number of fatalities until 2010 throughout Europe the improvement or implementation of a great variety of road safety measures is necessary. To improve road safety with economically justified measures is – especially in times of scarce resources and rather poor economic means – a challenge.  

To justify their decisions policy makers need tools to assess the benefits and costs of alternative road safety measures. Therefore, it is necessary to give the road safety related assessment tasks a general framework based

Objectives: 

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The objective of ROSEBUD, to help responsible policy makers to judge on the best and most rewarding means to invest in safety efforts, can save life and economic costs which result from the implementation of less efficient safety approaches.

Methodology: 

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Key issues of ROSEBUD are transfer and integration of knowledge, mainly covered by a “User Reference Group”. The User Reference Group brought together administrative users from all levels of government and scientific experts in the field of road safety. More than 100 members from all over Europe, Israel, Australia, Canada, India, Iran, Vietnam, Japan and South Africa and international organisations like EC, CEMT and CEN joined the User Reference Group during the last years.

Institution Type: 
Institution Name: 
European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy and Transport (DG TREN)
Type of funding: 
Key Results: 
  • Safety effects estimated should satisfy the criteria of correct safety evaluation
    .
    A distribution of
    a
    brief guide on standardized techniques (like the above mentioned framework) for the evaluation of safety effects would be helpful for safety practitioners, in general, and particularly, for the improvement of quality of the efficiency assessment studies
    .
  • Information about the implementation costs of safety measures is usually lacking.
    Establishing database
    s
    with typical implementation costs of safety improvements would be of help for the systematic use of these values in the efficiency assessment stud
    ies.
  • A database with typical values of safety effects, based on the above mentioned handbook and other international experience would be useful for correct and systematic performance of the "ex-ante" studies.
  • Consideration of a number of scenarios is useful for testing sensitivity of the results and should become common for the usual evaluation practice.  
  • For a more correct and uniform performance of CBA for safety-related measures it would be useful to elaborate a categorization of cases, indicating the types of impacts (e.g. safety, mobility, noise, air pollution) to be considered in the evaluation of each category of measures
    .

  • It is important to clarify the definitions of projects for which an assessment of safety impacts should be performed.
    It is suggested that t
    he safety related efficiency assessment should be applied mostly for two types of projects:
    • improvements which were financed by safety-dedicated budgets and
    • projects aimed at improving safety.
Technical implications: 

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  • When p
    resenting efficiency assessment results, it is important to make a distinction between "technicians" (the professional level) and others. The language
    and the details
    should be adapted to the targeted population.

Policy implications: 

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  • Efficiency assessment training should be introduced on an international level. Educational efforts at national level might be important, too, but they could be ineffective, since the number of experts needed per country is rather low (especially in small countries).
  • An international education initiative could, on the long run, contribute to harmonizing methods and procedures of efficiency assessment i
Partners: 

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Austria:
Kuratorium für Schutz und Sicherheit KuSS

Czech Republic:

Transport Research Centre CDV

Finland:
Technical Research Centre of Finland VTT

France:
Centre d'Etudes Techniques de l'Equipement du Sud Ouest CETE SO

Germany:
University of Cologne UoC

Greece:
National Technical University of Athens NTUA

Hungary:
Institute for Transport Sciences Ltd. KTI

Israel:
Transportation Research Institute TRI

Italy:
Dipartime

Contact Name: 
Karl-Josef Höhnscheid
Contact Email: 
Organisation: 
Bundesanstalt für Strassenwesen (BASt)
Contact country: 
Germany