August’s edition of the TRIP newsletter is out now and includes information on the TRIP team’s attendance at the Horizon2020 Information Day (28 September in Brussels) and, as usual, features project updates, events and transport research and innovation news. Read it here.
A video outlining how municipalities can implement e-mobility policies has been released by the EU-funded E-MOBILITY WORKS project, looking at how cities in Austria, Germany, Finland, Estonia, Spain and Italy have achieved e-mobility success. The video also gives a wide-ranging overview of the benefits of electric mobility for urban areas, such as lower levels of CO2 and harmful pollutants, reduced noise, and the opportunity to develop new business models around electric vehicles.
The video lists five steps to achieve a successful e-mobility policy: ensure commitment from decision makers, include local stakeholders, analyse current behaviour and the municipal fleet composition, formulate an action plan, and finally, implement the action plan.
Taking stock of citizen needs, local infrastructure and the behaviour of municipal employees enables cities to identify where changes should be made. The city of Turku (Finland) carried out an analysis of how municipal vehicles were being used and estimated that up to 40 percent could be replaced with electric vehicles. The aim of an e-mobility action plan, the video says, is to create a win-win situation where citizens benefit from higher quality of life, the municipality improves its mobility situation and moves closer to meeting climate targets, and businesses reap the benefits of new commercial opportunities.
To view the video, click here.
According to auto giant and EV manufacturer Nissan, there will be more public electric vehicle (EV) charge points than petrol stations in the UK by August 2020.
The number of traditional fuel stations in the UK fell from 37,539 in 1970 to 8,472 at the end of 2015, and it is expected to keep falling to under 7,870 by mid-2020, according to Nissan’s recent report.
More than 75 per cent of traditional petrol stations have closed during the last 40 years.
The amount of public EV charge points, on the contrary, is estimated to increase and reach 7,900 by August 2020, or even before. There are currently 4,100 , already a significant increase since 2011 - at which time there were just a few hundred.
The EV market is growing fast, thanks to operators’ ambitious plans and an increasing demand. One new electric car was registered every 13 minutes in the UK during the first quarter of 2016.
Upfront costs for EVs are falling, and battery ranges are to make zero-emission vehicles more cost effective than traditional cars, influencing the increasing demand for EVs.
Edward Jones, EV manager at Nissan Motor (GB) Ltd said: “As electric vehicle sales take off, the charging infrastructure is keeping pace and paving the way for convenient all-electric driving... Combine that with constant improvements in our battery performance and we believe the tipping point for mass EV uptake is upon us.”
He added: “As with similar breakthrough technologies, the adoption of electric vehicles should follow an ‘S-curve’ of demand. A gradual uptake from early adopters accelerates to a groundswell of consumers buying electric vehicles just as they would any other powertrain.”
EVs are expected to become cheaper than conventional cars on a total cost of ownership basis by 2022, according to Bloomberg New Energy Finance.
Firms are investing more and more in expanding the EV charging network, including the incorporation of coffee shops and fitness facilities to UK charging stations, as planned by UK start-up EV Hub.
Four new vehicles of the Valladolid municipal fleet were presented in Plaza Mayor (Valladolid) on July 19th 2016. They are two new extended-range hybrid buses and two fully electric cars purchased within the framework of sustainable mobility actions from the REMOURBAN project.
The two new extended-range hybrid buses are equipped with 100% electric traction and an on board electric energy storage system (ESS). Their engine provides high energy efficiency, low polluting emissions and high safety and drive comfort.
Both buses are also an opportunity for citizens to see a “real demo” of environmentally friendly vehicle operating in a scenario of urban traffic, with frequent stops and passengers getting on-and-off the vehicles. The buses’ system foresees a maximum of 8 minutes charges through the two recharging infrastructures (pantographs) at the start and the end of the travel. Three extra buses with the same technical features will be purchased by the city of Valladolid in the near future and the full fleet of ER-Hybrid buses will be monitored by the REMOURBAN project through an onboard device recording and transmitting data from the vehicle. The monitored parameters will be consumption, battery level, heating, regenerated energy under braking, etc. as well as some external sensors to measure nitrogen oxide, temperature and humidity.
As part of REMOURBAN, the Valladolid City Council has purchased two new electric vehicles from the municipal fleet, which will be managed through a car-sharing system. The REMOURBAN project will be monitoring these vehicles and the platform managing its operation. Data collected will contribute to setting up indicators to monitor such actions and their global impacts.
The Commission today presents a package of measures to accelerate the transition to low-carbon emissions in all sectors of the economy in Europe.
The Commission is working to keep the EU competitive as the global social economic model changes following the impetus to move towards a modern and low-carbon economy set by the Paris Agreement on climate change. Today's proposals set clear and fair guiding principles to Member States to prepare for the future and keep Europe competitive. This is part and parcel of the Energy Union and a forward-looking Climate Change policy.
In 2014 the EU agreed to a clear commitment: to collectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions of at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels across all sectors of the economy. Today's proposals present binding annual greenhouse gas emissions targets for Member States from 2021-2030 for the transport, buildings, agriculture, waste, land-use and forestry sectors as contributors to EU climate action (see Fact sheetMEMO/16/2499 and Fact sheet MEMO/16/2496). The new framework is based on the principles of fairness, solidarity, cost-effectiveness and environmental integrity. All Member States are concerned, as they will be in the forefront in deciding how to implement the measures to meet the agreed 2030 target. The Commission is also presenting a strategy on low-emission mobility setting the course for the development of EU-wide measures on low and zero-emission vehicles and alternative low-emissions fuels (see Fact sheet MEMO/16/2497).
Vice-President in charge of the Energy Union Maroš Šefčovič said:"The Energy Union is delivering. With the proposed reform of the Emissions Trading System last year and today's proposal on greenhouse gas emissions targets for Member States, we anchor the 2030 Energy and Climate framework in legislation. We are also setting our transport system firmly on the path towards zero-emissions. Today's package shows that we are mobilising all our policies towards the competitive, circular and low-carbon economy that we promised in the Energy Union Strategy".
Vice President for Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness Jyrki Katainen said: "This strategy is more than about transport and emissions. It should be seen as yet another element of our efforts to modernise European economy and strengthen our Internal Market. It defines key priorities on the way to low-emission mobility and gives clear guidance for future investors. It contributes to our goals which do not change over time – we want to create conditions for our industry to be more competitive and able to provide quality jobs."
EU Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy Miguel Arias Cañete said: "The EU has an ambitious emissions reduction target, one I am convinced we can achieve through the collective efforts of all Member States. The national binding targets we are proposing are fair, flexible and realistic. They set the right incentives to unleash investments in sectors like transport, agriculture, buildings and waste management. With these proposals, we are showing that we have done our homework and that we keep our promises.
EU Commissioner for Transport Violeta Bulc said: "Transport accounts for a quarter of Europe's greenhouse gas emissions and is a main cause of air pollution. The transition to low-emission mobility is therefore essential to reach the EU's ambitious climate objectives and to improve the quality of life in our cities. It is also an opportunity to modernise the EU's economy and keep Europe's industry competitive. The Strategy we adopted today presents a roadmap towards low-emission mobility and will give an impetus to that shift."
In the EU, efforts have already started to align private investments with climate and resource-efficiency objectives. The EU financial instruments are significant contributors to climate funding. Over 50% of the investments approved so far are climate relevant. As part of the Investment Plan for Europe, the European Fund for Strategic Investments is on track to deliver on mobilising at least EUR 315 billion in additional investment in the real economy by mid-2018. In addition, the Commission actively works to ensure that the EU budget spending is aligned with climate objectives. At least 20% of the current EU budget is explicitly climate related.
A new report published by the Transport Systems Catapult suggests we are at the beginning of a “Mobility as a Service” (MaaS) revolution. MaaS will change how many of us travel and may see a move away from traditional car ownership.
The TSC is calling on policy makers and the private sector to work towards a shared vision for how to make MaaS a success. The report highlights what the future of MaaS could look like and how policy makers and the transport sector can innovate to meet the changing expectations of consumers.
Several trends identified in the report support future growth of MaaS: consumers are increasingly expecting their transport to be delivered as a ‘service’. Adoption of MaaS would also incentivise technological advances around improving journey experiences.
James Datson, lead author of the report explained:
“MaaS is about using a digital interface to source and manage transport related services to meet customer needs. Key influencers are now talking seriously about MaaS from an innovation perspective, as it embodies what many of us working in the transport industry see as the future.
There are many opportunities ahead – it’s an exciting time for investors and for the travelling public. The private sector sees MaaS as an opportunity to offer customers better journeys, and the public sector can embrace MaaS to help address the UK’s transport challenges.”
The report suggests that the rewards of moving from existing business models that focus on single modes of transport, to the provision of flexible end-to-end travel services, could be significant. MaaS can address many of thepain points in journeys and enable policy makers to make more efficient use of transport assets.
Lucy Yu, Head of Mobility as a Service at the DfT and CCAV, said:
“The idea of buying and selling mobility as a service represents a profound change in the way we think about transportation. Although the market will not transform overnight, clear signs of a shift are already present as well as the possibility for joint value creation across the public and commercial sectors.
MaaS offers a compelling opportunity to help local and regional areas meet their policy objectives in relation to the economy, congestion and pollution, as well as a potential means for re-framing how government subsidises and provides public transport services in the future.”
The report ‘Exploring the Opportunity for Mobility as a Service in the UK’ was commissioned by the Department for Transport and seeks to help define what MaaS is, how it can help us travel, and what the future could look like once it becomes mainstream. You can read the complete report at ts.catapult.org.uk.
Finland-based energy company Neste, a global leader in providing renewable fuel made with waste and residues, is now providing fuel for the city of Carlsbad in California.
Neste Renewable Diesel also provides fuel for the Californian cities of San Francisco, Oakland and Walnut Creek.
Changing from petroleum diesel to renewable diesel is designed to help Carlsbad reduce its diesel fleet’s greenhouse gas emissions by around 80 per cent.
Kaisa Hietala, executive vice president of renewable products at Neste, said: “Many cities and corporations worldwide are now looking at ways to reduce emissions and carbon footprint... In the United States, California is leading the way.”
Using this alternative fuel also helps improving air quality thanks to the reduction of tailpipe emissions.
Neste’s diesel will be used by the city of Carlsbad to power heavy-duty vehicles such as fire trucks, dump trucks and vacuum trucks.
Hietala underlined: “Switching to our product doesn’t require any additional investments on infrastructure or engine modifications... Fleets can switch to renewable diesel overnight.”
Neste diesel is provided to cities under the brand name Diesel HPR by the largest retailer of low carbon fuels in California, Proper Fuels.