- Country Profiles
- About TRIP
Despite the important efforts on safety data sharing at an international level (for example, the Global Aviation Information Network GAIN, ECCAIRS, etc), aviation stakeholders proceed, at best, with a limited access to this data because of the lack of adequate tools. The small number of tools available seems to focus on data collection rather than data use. Moreover, these tools may be of little practical use, especially in the hectic, budget-tight world of aviation where managers do not seek the time to learn how to exploit these methods fully.
The objective of this project was to improve aviation safety through the development of a novel safety approach. This approach allowed aviation stakeholders (from EASA, to civil aviation authorities, airlines, airports, air traffic control, and manufacturers) to:
The main objectives of this Specific Target Research Project were to:
The safety approach consisted of a methodology enabling aviation stakeholders to assess the effects of their technical, managerial and political decisions at safety level, together with the associated costs and benefits. The approach will support decisions such as whether or not to introduce a safety measure, by making priorities for investments in safety, based on the most beneficial outcome. The methodology was implemented in a decision support system (DSS), providing a step-by-step procedure that will support the user throughout the different phases for assessing the cost effectiveness of safety measures. The DSS will incorporate a data pool for the estimation of risk reduction and costs related to the implementation of specific safety measures.
Cost-benefit analysis of safety measures is a relatively new concept in the aviation community and decisions on safety related matters are taken without knowing precisely what their final effect will be. This project provided the means for taking decision at different levels (i.e. policy, procedures, and operational level) in order to understand the consequences on safety from both viewpoints: policy makers and regulators on one side and industry on the other. While for policy makers and regulators the objective is safety with affordability as a requirement, for the industry the objective is affordability with safety as a requirement.
The project was structured into seven Work Packages (WPs) to achieve the project objectives:
During the project, two series of workshops were organised, focusing on real case studies, on subjects proposed by users of ASICBA. The objective of having workshops is twofold, namely to support the development of the safety approach in the first instance, and to then validate the approach.
The results achieved by the project are expected to have a short, a medium and a long-term impact. Two different short-term impacts were identified.
The first occurred during the project duration, and is related to the dissemination of the novel safety approach within the users of this consortium. In addition, it has improved stakeholder participation and inclusion through dialogue, workshops, reporting and transparent processes. Furthermore it increased international cooperation, especially in the field of aviation safety research.
The second type of short-term impact is represented through the validation of the approach allowing cost benefit analysis (CBA) of safety measures. In addition, the case studies subjects to which the approach was provided valuable results for the users. While the objective of conducting the case studies is 'testing' the novel safety approach, in fact the case studies address 'real world' problems, brought up by 'real world' users. The case studies have been carefully selected to fit in national and international research activities, such that these research activities could equally benefit from the case study results, and vice versa.
A medium-term impact of the project is believed to be the fulfilment of an urgent but not very well formalised need of aviation stakeholders to manage their internal safety budgetsin a cost-effective way.
DSS is a valuable tool that can support aviation stakeholders in their decision-making process for budget allocation. Moreover, the project defined required research activities and research targets on a European level.
Cost-benefit analysis of safety measures is a relatively new concept, and the practical application of the method to real world test cases brought up important issues. Most importantly in this respect is also the development of a common data set that is accessible to all potential users of the method. Whereas the availability of such a common data set would provide a tremendous advantage to the European aviation industry, its development and exploitation required a careful approach, as demonstrated with the development and implementation of the ECCAIRS (European Co-ordination Centre for Aviation Incident Reporting Systems) database.
This research project primarily focused on the development of a framework for supporting all aviation stakeholders in the elaboration of their own safety management systems. Not only did this framework enables CBA of safety measures, but it also provided all aviation stakeholders with effective means to set their own target level of safety and measure the current ones. Furthermore, this framework supported them in the identification of the best ways to move from the current to the desired safety level, and to assess their feasibility.
On a long term, this novel safety approach can be used in other industrial sectors, especially within transports (e.g. railways, maritime) and therefore, it will provide an excellent opportunity for benchmarking and comparing different safety measures. Moreover, it could lead to the optimisation of safety of the transport industry as a whole.
Final Publishable Report (171 Kb)
Project Presentation (474 Kb)
ASICBA Project Brocure (2179 Kb)
ASICBA Project Leaflet (188 Kb)
Politecnico di Milano; Gestione Aeroporti Sardi S.p.A.(GEASAR); Meridiana S.p.A.; D'Appolonia S.p.A. (Co-ordinator)
Polish Airlines LOT S.A.
ECORYS Nederland B.V.; Stichting Nationaal Lucht- en Ruimtevaart Laboratorium (NLR)
Mrs Elisabetta Noce
Via San Nazaro 19
Tel: (+39) 010 362 8148
Fax: (+39) 010 362 1078
CORDIS: Project page
TRIP is funded by the European Commission's Directorate General for Mobility and Transport under the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7).