Policy brochures

Policy brochures

Discover how transport research contributes to policy-making, transport planning and development decision-making in a set of short brochures. The latest Policy Brochures focus on the sustainability of the European transport system and can be downloaded from this website.

Short Videos highlight the key content of each Policy Brochure.

Research makes the difference - Highlights of EU transport research

While vital to economic growth and European integration, and to mobility and quality of life of citizens, the transport system has to meet the ever increasing challenges of becoming greener, more efficient, safer and more intelligent. These challenges are focal points of EU policy and research in developing transport for the future. This publications highlights research to facilitate innovative and sustainable transport solutions.

52 Pages
| 21-05-2015
Smart and sustainable logistics for a competitive Europe

Logistics is one of the most dynamic sectors of the economy, contributing to economic growth and international competitiveness. In the face of the steady growth in freight volumes throughout Europe, EU policy focuses on increasing the efficiency of freight logistics and reducing environmental impacts. The policy brochure illustrates the role of research in supporting this EU policy. 

28 Pages
| 21-05-2015
Research for a smart and competitive railway system

With inherent advantages in environmental performance, land use, energy consumption and safety, railways are an essential component of a competitive and resource-efficient transport system. Yet, the modal share of rail in the EU is modest. To enhance the attractiveness of rail transport, the challenge is to increase the efficiency and competitiveness of railways while reducing environmental impacts and maintaining high levels of safety and security. This publication presents highlights of research to generate innovative and competitive rail transport solutions.

28 Pages
| 21-05-2015
Travelling safely in Europe

Safety is at the core of EU transport policy with ambitious targets to reduce fatalities and injuries on land and sea throughout the European Union. Even though traffic casualties have been substantially reduced in the last decade, the social and economic costs of accidents in surface transport remain high. EU research plays a key role in improving safety of vehicles and infrastructure, and enhancing user behaviour, with the overall goal to save thousands of lives.

32 Pages
| 28-11-2014
Accroître la durabilité du transport aérien

Contributing to economic growth and development, and to integration and cohesion in Europe, sustainable air transport is a central part of EU transport policy and research. With ever increasing passenger movements and freight volumes, the challenge is to facilitate sustainable growth while reducing environmental impacts and maintaining high levels of safety and security in the air and on the ground.

28 Pages
| 14-10-2014
Beschäftigungssituation im europäischen Verkehrssektor

Die Verwirklichung eines wettbewerbsfähigen, zuverlässigen und
effizienten Personen- und Güterverkehrs ist ein entscheidender Faktor
für die Beschäftigungssituation, die Schaffung von Arbeitsplätzen und
das Wirtschaftswachstum in Europa. Die EU-Verkehrspolitik fördert
das Wirtschaftswachstum und die Schaffung von Arbeitsplätzen.
Die Beschäftigungssituation im Verkehrssektor geht mit neuen
Herausforderungen einher, die sich aufgrund des demografischen Wandels
in der Europäischen Union ergeben.

28 Pages
| 17-07-2014
L’emploi dans le secteur européen des transports

Le secteur des transports représente 4,5% de l’emploi total au sein de l’Union européenne et 4,6% du Produit Intérieur Brut (PIB). À l’instar de l’ensemble de l’économie européenne, l’emploi dans le secteur des transports est confronté à des défis économiques et sociétaux  découlant d’une pénurie croissante de travailleurs qualifiés dans un environnement mondial de plus en plus concurrentiel. Cette brochure thématique décrit la politique de l’emploi de l’UE dans le secteur des transports. Elle souligne la contribution de la recherche dans le développement et la mise en œuvre des politiques à répondre aux défis de fidéliser le personnel qualifié et d’encourager plus de jeunes hautement qualifiés à rallier le secteur des transports.

28 Pages
| 22-06-2014
Employment in the EU transport sector

The transport sector accounts for 4.5% of total workforce in the European Union and represents 4.6% of gross domestic product (GDP). As in the economy as a whole, employment in the transport sector is facing economic and societal challenges of a growing shortage of skilled workers in an increasingly competitive global environment. This policy brochure presents EU policy on transport employment and highlights the contribution of research in supporting policy development and implementation in meeting the challenges of retaining skilled workers and encouraging more and highly skilled people to join the transport workforce.

28 Pages
| 17-01-2014
Increasing the sustainability of air transport

Contributing to economic growth and development, and to integration and cohesion in Europe, sustainable air transport is a central part of EU transport policy and research. With ever increasing passenger movements and freight volumes, the challenge is to facilitate sustainable growth while reducing environmental impacts and maintaining high levels of safety and security in the air and on the ground.

28 Pages
| 31-10-2013
Innover pour la mobilité urbaine

L’UE reconnaît le rôle fondamental que joue le transport urbain dans la réalisation des objectifs de compétitivité économique, de cohésion sociale et de croissance durable. Conformément au principe de subsidiarité, elle aide les autorités locales à résoudre les problèmes de mobilité communs à l’ensemble de l’Europe.

28 Pages
| 29-10-2013
Wege zu einem kohlenstoffarmen Verkehr in Europa

Das ehrgeizige Ziel, die Treibhausgasemissionen bis 2050 um 60% zu senken, erfordert eine Transformation des Verkehrssystems in Europa. Diese Politikbroschüre des Transport Research and Innovation Portal (TRIP) zeigt den Beitrag von Forschung und Innovation auf, um die EU-Reduktionsziele für den CO2-Ausstoß des Verkehrs zu erreichen.

24 Pages
| 25-09-2013

La réalisation de l’objectif ambitieux de réduction de 60% des émissions de gaz à effet de serre d’ici 2050 suppose la transformation du système de transport en Europe. Cette brochure souligne la contribution de la recherche et de l’innovation au service de la réalisation des objectifs européens de réduction des émissions de CO2 dans le système de transport.

24 Pages
| 25-09-2013

Le transport est essentiel à la prospérité économique et à l’intégration sociale de l’Europe. Cette brochure souligne la contribution de la recherche, du développement et de l’innovation au service de la mise en place d’un système de transport compétitif et économe en ressources en Europe.

28 Pages
| 25-09-2013
Innovationen für ein wettbewerbsfähiges und ressourcenschonendes Verkehrssystem

Verkehr ist für den wirtschaftlichen Wohlstand und die soziale Integration Europas lebenswichtig. Diese Politikbroschüre des Transport Research and Innovation Portals (TRIP) betont den Beitrag von Forschung, Entwicklung und Innovation zur Sicherstellung eines wettbewerbsfähigen und ressourcenschonenden Verkehrssystems in Europa.

28 Pages
| 25-09-2013
Innovationen im Bereich der städtischen Mobilität

Für die EU spielt der städtische Verkehr für die Verwirklichung der Ziele der wirtschaftlichen Wettbewerbsfähigkeit, des sozialen Zusammenhalts und des nachhaltigen Wachstums eine entscheidende Rolle. Im Einklang mit dem Subsidiaritätsprinzip unterstützt die EU lokale Verwaltungen darin, Antworten auf die zentralen Mobilitätsfragen zu finden.

28 Pages
| 10-09-2013
Innovation in urban mobility

The EU recognises that urban transport plays a fundamental role in meeting the objectives of economic competitiveness, social cohesion and sustainable growth. In accordance with the subsidiarity principle, the EU is supporting local governments in tackling mobility issues which form common patterns across Europe.

28 Pages
| 17-04-2013

Transport is vital to the economic prosperity and social integration of Europe. This Policy Brochure highlights the contribution of research, development, and innovation in securing a competitive and resource-efficient transport system in Europe.

28 Pages
| 08-01-2013

The ambitious target of 60% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 requires transformation of the transport system in Europe. This Policy Brochure highlights the contribution of research and innovation in meeting the EU targets on CO2 emission reduction in the transport system.

24 Pages
| 08-01-2013
Les Services d’information fluviale

La brochure est axée sur les services d’information destinés à la navigation fluviale, connus en Europe sous le nom de Services d’information fluviale (SIF).

40 Pages
| 08-04-2011
River Information Services

This brochure focuses on information services for inland navigation, known in Europe as River Information Services (RIS). River Information Services are defined as a concept of harmonised information services to support traffic and transport management in inland navigation, including interfaces to other modes of transport.

38 Pages
| 05-04-2011
Transferring transport research results into university education

This publication reports on findings from a workshop which took place in Rome on 28th September 2007. Organised by the Transport Research Knowledge Centre project team, the workshop assessed the potential for exploitation of the results from research in education. It was possible to outline a mini-roadmap for the linkages between research and university education. The mini-roadmap is structured according to concerns. For each concern, one or more "Propositions" and consequent "Recommendations" are formulated.

56 Pages
| 11-06-2010
Transport and the Environment

This Policy Brochure focuses on transport and its effects on the environment. Its aim is to inform transport policy makers and to assist them in designing transport policies that take better account of the environmental impacts of transport. The environment is broadly defined to include effects of transport on land, air, water and resources. The research issues on environment and transport are grouped into three areas: identifying and measuring the impacts on the environment (pollution levels, noise emissions etc.), technological solutions to environmental problems from transport, and behavioural solutions to environmental problems from transport. Where relevant, solutions cover both mitigation and adaptation.

32 Pages
| 11-06-2010
Traffic Management for Land Transport

This Policy Brochure addresses the role of traffic management, which can be defined as making more effective use of existing infrastructure, for road and rail transport. It considers the need for traffic management from efficiency, environmental and safety standpoints, the role of data and information systems, new technologies, the evidence on their performance and limitations, and the implications for future policy.

32 Pages
| 11-06-2010
CityMobil case study

This report describes the study carried out by TRKC of the information needs of a subset of cities within the CityMobil  and CityNetMobil Reference Groups.

22 Pages
| 11-06-2010
Towards an Integrated Transport System – Freight Focus

This Policy Brochure has a focus on freight transport. Major issues which are of interest to both freight and passenger transport are examined, such as the development of the Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T), with the attendant European traffic management and information systems on the networks of the various modes. 

40 Pages
| 11-06-2010
User-Friendly and Secure Passenger Transport

Policy and research aim to make passenger transport more attractive to users, as well as safer and more secure. This brochure presents recent policy issues and related research in these areas, with the exception of safety. This has been done because safety is a major topic in itself and closely related to other factors such as traffic management, vehicle technology, legislation, training and enforcement. 

36 Pages
| 11-06-2010
Clean Urban Transport (Click to download)

Transport makes a vital contribution to the economy and society. But these benefits are being lost through traffic growth, particularly in urban areas as a result of congestion, pollution and other factors. Innovative policies can reduce these negative impacts and promote more sustainable patterns of mobility. Therefore, through its transport research programme, the European Union has targeted a range of actions to help develop effective solutions. This brochure highlights the most significant results for urban transport.

20 Pages
| 22-11-2007
Rail transport - EU policy and its impact on the rail system (Click to download)

Within Europe, railways are undergoing a process of reform. This Policy Brochure outlines recent European Commission and nationally funded research on the policy relevant themes of rail liberalisation, dealing with scarce capacity and charging for the use of infrastructure. Results and policy implications of research are outlined and future research needs identified.

32 Pages
| 15-09-2006

Urban freight transport and logistics operations are concerned with the activities of delivering and collecting goods in town and city centres. The EC’s Fourth and Fifth Framework Programmes included projects undertaking research on this issue. The topic has been explored in the light of the need for integrated solutions that pull the best practice measures together and help eliminate the obstacles to achieving more effective and sustainable urban freight transport and logistics practices.

20 Pages
| 15-09-2006
Urban pricing (Click to download)

The issue of urban transport sets a challenge to increase mobility while simultaneously reducing its negative impacts, such as congestion, pollution and accidents. Urban pricing has been addressed by a number of European research projects in the EC’s Fourth Framework Programme. Research continued in the Fifth Framework Programme and this brochure reports on the main results achieved in the recently completed projects of this Programme. Results useful for designing a phased approach to the implementation of a pricing reform have been produced, and new evidence on values of marginal costs has been collected. A number of projects have also taken as their primary focus road user charging schemes.

20 Pages
| 05-09-2006
The SESAR initiative - Research paves the way for the Single European Sky (Click to download)

SESAR, the Single European Sky implementation programme jointly funded by the European Commission and Eurocontrol through the TEN-T scheme, is the unique opportunity to make the vision of a Single European Sky in air transport become lity by the year 2020. One of its definition phase milestones will be to devise an Air Traffic Management masterplan by early 2008, defining common goals and required developments of European air traffic control infrastructures. This brochure highlights SESAR's scope and its impact on the overall Single European Sky scheme by looking at recent research, live trials, studies and advances in technical equipment, as well as its legislative and organisational framework.

24 Pages
| 31-08-2006
Motorways of the sea (Click to download)

Maritime transport not only acts as the backbone of international trade, it also offers great potential for intra-community commercial exchanges. The EU now has a policy goal of achieving a clean, safe and efficient transport system, through the development of ‘motorways of the sea’, a concept of transforming short sea shipping into a real alternative to congested roads. This brochure aims to show the contribution of European research to the policy goal. Beginning with explanations of the concept and its system of logistics, the brochure introduces research activities and findings on the socioeconomic impact, market and financial strategies, operational and organisational optimisation, application of new technologies, effective ports/terminal operations and maritime safety. Conclusions highlight the latest achievements of motorways of the sea and call for decision-makers to support its development.

28 Pages
| 31-08-2006
Intermodal Freight Terminals (Click to download)

Intermodal Freight Terminals are places equipped to handle the transhipment and storage of Intermodal Transport Units. They are also the weakest link in an intermodal transport chain. Prior to the EC’s Fifth Framework Programme, research projects highlighted many issues, including the need for improvement in this area. This brochure studies the projects carried out under this Framework Programme that focused on IFTs and provides an overview of the results available at the time of going to press.

23 Pages
| 31-08-2006
Land use and regional planning (Click to download)

Land use and transport are closely interlinked. Transport policies influence land use by changing accessibility, environmental quality and the image of an area. Land use policies affect journey length and the mode of travel used and can make it easier to provide effective public transport services and facilities for walking and cycling. This brochure has reviewed these interactions and examined the relevant issues arising out of the EC’s Fifth Framework City of Tomorrow programme, an earlier European research review, TRANSLAND, and a series of national research projects. The brochure then recommends directions European policy makers might pursue to enable land use policies to support sustainable transport policies more effectively.

19 Pages
| 31-08-2006
River Information Services: As policy implementation flows from research

The "Harmonised River Information Services (RIS) on Inland Waterways in the Community" Directive 2005/44/EC is an important policy document for establishing pan-European RIS.This booklet describes the RIS and their developments in Europe.The contributions of research activities to European transport policies are illustrated by best-practice examples of RIS development.The values of EU research programmes are demonstrated through their support in formulating the evelopment of transport policy, and in assisting the implementation of that policy.

28 Pages
| 30-08-2006
European Transport Networks (Click to download)

The transport research programme has contributed to EU policy on the trans-European transport network by providing support for the planning and financing
of the investment programme and the development of new infrastructure and services. Evaluation methodologies and software tools have been provided to help
policy makers assess the impacts of different infrastructure plans.New solutions for the efficient operations of networks and terminals have been assessed.This brochure highlights some significant results.

20 Pages
| 04-11-2003
Single European Sky (Click to download)

Air transport makes an increasingly vital contribution to the economy and society, and is at the heart of globalisation. But traffic growth in the aviation sector is rapidly taking away the benefits, through impacts such as delays, noise and pollution. Innovative policies and technologies can reduce these impacts and promote a more sustainable outcome.This brochure highlights research results that will help to establish a Single European Sky. Its purpose is to raise awareness of the information and decision support that is now available.

20 Pages
| 04-11-2003
Maritime Safety (Click to download)

Waterborne transport is a key player in worldwide economics and a fundamental tool in the shaping of global society. More than 70 percent of the European Union's external trade and some 30 percent of the internal trade is today handled by maritime transport. Research has concentrated on developing operational and technological concepts capable of meeting the changing needs of the demand side while enhancing safety and the protection of the environment. In parallel, networking activities have spread knowledge to interested parties all over Europe and this has facilitated the innovation process.This brochure highlights some of the key results in this area.

20 Pages
| 04-11-2003
Freight Intermodality (Click to download)

Freight transport makes a vital contribution to the economy and society, and is at the heart of globalisation. But its dramatic growth in the road sector is rapidly taking away the benefits, through impacts such as congestion, noise, pollution and infrastructure damage. Innovative policies and technologies can reduce these impacts by promoting the integrated transport chain for door-to-door services.The transport research programme has targeted a range of solutions in this area. This brochure highlights significant results from the research.

20 Pages
| 04-11-2003
Getting Prices Right (Click to download)

Aside from the huge benefits to users and the economy as a whole, transport generates unwanted side effects. These include congestion, accidents, air pollution, global warming and noise. The most efficient way of controlling such effects is to charge users for the resulting costs to society.Through its transport research programme, the European Union has targeted a range of actions to help policy-makers implement this approach.

20 Pages
| 04-11-2003
Road Safety (Click to download)

Improving safety in road transport is a policy imperative, given the scale of deaths and injuries caused every year. A global approach is required, involving legislative and other measures.Through its transport research programme, the European Union is providing the foundation for effective measures and spreading good practice.This brochure highlights some important results and ongoing work.

16 Pages
| 04-11-2003
Intelligent Transport Systems (Click to download)

Developing a European transport system that is sustainable requires best use to be made of existing infrastructure. Intelligent transport systems (ITS) are vital for this. The potential of ITS has encouraged the EU to make them an integral part of the Common Transport Policy, with the aim of establishing a co-ordinated infrastructure for ITS in Europe. Therefore the transport research programme has contributed to the development, assessment and demonstration of ITS applications, laying the groundwork for a large deployment of ITS in the future, supported by the EU. This brochure highlights some significant results.

20 Pages
| 04-11-2003
Sustainable Mobility (Click to download)

Over recent decades, social and economic opportunities have been underpinned by growth in mobility. But if current trends continue, there will be alarming increases in congestion, greenhouse gas emissions and dependence on oil imports. This can only be tackled using an integrated mix of policy measures. Therefore, through its transport research programme, the European Union has targeted a range of actions to help policy-makers develop effective solutions. This brochure highlights the most significant results.

20 Pages
| 04-11-2003