Scenarios for periods of 15 years or more are used in long-term development paths of economic, technical, environmental, demographic, social, societal and behavioural trends. Research also includes impact assessment of exogenous long-term developments on transport markets.
Methodologies, tools and databases are developed to support policy-makers in predicting and simulating the performance of transport systems; in impact studies of transport policies and projects on the environment, safety and socio-economics; evaluation of transport policies and projects; and monitoring transport systems. Decision-support systems include information systems and tools used in the commercial sector by fleet operators for the management and operation of commercial vehicle fleets.
Research on environmental impacts addresses the adverse effects of transport such as air and water pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, noise, vibration, visual impacts, damage to nature protection areas, landscape, social impacts and waste disposal. The severity of these impacts is assessed, mitigation measures analysed and environmentally friendly technologies developed.
This theme covers research on macro-economic and regional economic impacts of transport policies and transport technologies. Economic and regional impacts occur mainly through the mechanisms of cost savings and improved accessibility, as a result of various EU policy measures, such as TEN-T or cohesion policy. Research focuses on methodologies and tools to estimate the impacts of policies and technologies on economic or regional patterns.
Research on equity impacts of transport strategies focuses on meeting the needs of groups such as those on low incomes, the elderly, the disabled, and those living in deprived areas. Social inclusion primarily concerns accessibility for those without a car and people with impaired mobility. Research aims at increasing access to employment, shopping, leisure and other activities for people from different locations, and with differing access to transport.